Overall Model for Indirect and Direct
Training Impact (OMIDTI)
Direct impact on the training results
Fundamental training basics and principals
  Initial setting and fitness
General level of fitness, Starting position,
level of advancement
  Training experience
Level of experience, muscle memory, motoric memory
Type of training or exercise being performed,
selection of training program or exercise or sport,
best way or exercise to reach your goal?
Level of effort, subjective, objective, competition
like, variation
How often is the training being performed? X times
a -day, -week, -month, -year, -other period
  Duration of training session
How long are the training sessions? Variation,
efficiency, competition like, maintain training quality,
just the right time?
  Total period of training
When is it realistic to see results? Reversibility
  Training volume
Total amount of training. Accumulated over: a training
session, -week, month, year, -other period. Variation,
adjust to pre-, -on or -offseason.
  Variation and development
Variation of exercises, training program, location,
training partner, periodization level of variation

Tactic and strategy
Varies from between different sports and training

  Complement exercise and treatments
Strength, cardiovascular, agility, balance, stability,
acupuncture, power, coordination, cognitive abilities
  Variation of different sports and kinds of training
Positive transfer effects, benefits for the main
sport, complement
  Technique and method
Selection of method, technique, execution,
warmup, cooldown
  Focus and concentration
Inner focus, outer focus, ability to shut out disturbing
impressions, breathing, level of presence, mental input
  Level of challenge and progression
Just the right challenge, adaptation, step by step,
physical response, level of performance, individualized,
functional overreach, increased tolerance
Environmental factors
  Equipment and material
Functional clothes, quality, level of modernity,
  Physical training environment
Inside, outside, security, light, sound, variation,
space, materials
  Social training environment
Group psychology, competition, supportive, skill level,
exchange knowledge
  Environmental factors
Temperature, weather, wind, pollution, sun,
quality of air, humidity, altitude
Basic factors
  Physical recovery
Balance between activity and rest, total amount of
physical activity, variation of training -load, intensity, volume,
frequency, quantity and quality of the recovery, active rest
  Mental recovery
Total amount of stress, negative stress, stressors,
leisure time, the nervous system, the hormonal system,
balance between stress and rest
  Physical restriction
Injuries, alleriges, diseases, dehydration, diabetes,
diagnoses, cramp, a cold or influenza, fatigue, old
injuries, malnourished
  Nutrition, diet, supplements
Food, supplements, cooking, quality of the food, taste,
to be consistent, mealtime, timing, pre-, -intra and -post
training, hydration, amount of energy, macronutrients,
micronutrients, phytonutrients, planning
Quality, quantity, prioritize the sleep, caffeine, dark-,
quiet-, cool- bedroom, sunlight during the day,
consistency in when to go to sleep and waking up,
positive thoughts before sleeping
  Genetics and individual conditions
Talent?, biomechanical differences, advantages
How does the age impact on the recovery and other
physical aspects, advantages
Level of consumption, effects on the training, help/support
to stop/reduce? Proactively avoid certain situations?
Level of consumption, effects on the training, help/support
to stop/reduce? Proactively avoid certain situations?
  Illegal drugs and banned substances
Level of consumption, effects on the training, help/support
to stop/reduce? Proactively avoid certain situations?
  Medicines and pharmaceuticals
Effects on the training, mental or physical side
effects, painkiller, NSAID
Support for reflection and discussion
By, in groups or individually, systematically discuss and reflect on
the indirect and direct factors, the training results can be maximized.
Use the list under INFO to start working towards your goal.

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© Martin Larsson